Iranian history is a fascinating catalogue of disasters and short-lived triumphs, and of occasionally brilliant rulers succeeded by incompetents who failed to secure their inheritance.
The date of arrival of the first inhabitants on the Iranian plateau is not known, and still debated among historians. Continuing excavations, however, indicate that during the Neolithic times hunters lived in caves in the Zagros and Alborz mountains, and in the south-east, but numbers were low until the improvement of agricultural methods.
The first distinct people to emerge on the plateau were probably the Elamites, who established a city at Shush in the far southwest. The Aryans came to the region in the second millennium BC, bringing with them some agricultural and domestic skills. From the mixture and migration of Elamites and Aryans, three main tribes were created: the Medes, who lived in the west (particularly around Hamadan); the Parthians, based in the far east; and the Persians, who lived in the south. Other tribes which invaded, and settled in, parts of the plateau included the Kasits, Assyrians, Urartians and Scythians, but none had much success or influence.
Elamites (2500-1200 BC)
Medians (750-550 BC)
The Achaemenians (559-330 BC)
Alexander and the Seleucids (331-190 BC)
The Parthians (190 BC – 224 AD)
The Sassanians (224-637 AD)
The Arabs (637-1050)
The Seljuq Dynasty (1051-1220)
The Mongols (1220-1380)
The Timurid Dynasty (1380-1502)
The Safavid Dynasty (1502-1722)
The Afghans (1722-1736)
Nader Shah (1736-1747) and Karim Khan Zand (1747-1779)
The Ghajars (1779-1921)
The Pahlavi Dynasty (1921-1979)
The Revolution (1979)
Population and People
Meals and Drink
Money and Currency
****you have to change your money to Iranian currency (Rials) so it is better to have 100 or 50 notes.